Syndrome Model of Addiction

The Division’s research agenda is driven, in part, by the Syndrome Model of Addiction, an overarching theoretical framework that conceptualizes various expressions of addiction (i.e., chemical or behavioral) as opportunistic disorders that have common underlying etiological factors. Figure 1 illustrates of these relationships.


The Division uses a syndrome framework to understand addiction as a cluster of symptoms and signs with multiple opportunistic expressions, as well as to test various aspects of the model and disseminate findings. The Division has produced more than 150 publications to date. For a complete list, visit our online Library.