Substance use disorders (SUDs) are prevalent among hospitalized individuals and are associated with increased and recurrent utilization of hospital and emergency department services. Fifteen percent of inpatients have an active SUD, making hospitalization a unique opportunity for intervention. Multidisciplinary addiction consult teams (ACTs) that address a range of patient needs (e.g., pharmacotherapy, behavioral and educational interventions, treatment and resource linkage) have been found feasible and effective at improving treatment engagement for SUD after discharge. This week, STASH reviews a study by Dr. Sarah E. Wakeman and colleagues that investigated if addiction consultation during an inpatient hospital stay reduced the likelihood of 30-day hospital readmission among patients with a SUD.
What was the research question?
Does receiving an addiction consultation during an inpatient hospital stay reduce the likelihood of 30-day hospital readmission among patients with a SUD?