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Division on Addiction Research Projects


Current Funded Research

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH (NIH) FUNDING:

  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) - DUI Offending: The Intersection of Criminality and Psychopathology, Co-Principal Investigators: Sarah Nelson, Ph.D. and Richard LaBrie, Ph.D. (5 R03 AA017516-01). The objective of this project is establish effective evidence-based treatment that can prevent DUI relapse. The primary goal of the proposed research agenda is to advance this superordinate goal by examining the impact of psychiatric comorbidity, criminality, and the interaction between them on DUI relapse.

  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) - Development and Validation of an Implicit Measure of Alcohol-Related Self-Identity, Co-Principal Investigators: Debi LaPlante, Ph.D. and Heather Gray, Ph.D. (1 R03 AA01782-01A1). The objective of this project is to develop and validate a new risk assessment tool that is less susceptible to self-presentation desires and more sensitive to an important implicit construct, alcohol-related self-identity (i.e. the extent to which an individual thinks of himself or herself as a “drinker”).

  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) - Repeat DUI Offenders' Explanation for DUI Behavior, Principal Investigator: Sarah Nelson, Ph.D. (1 R03 AA017726-01). The objective of this project is to conduct a secondary analysis of the explanations for their DUI behavior generated by repeat DUI offenders as part of the NIAAA-funded study. Specifically, this study will (a) identify how these offenders understand and describe their behavior (compared to collateral informants explaining these same offender behaviors), (b) investigate the relationship between these proximal cognitive predictors and offenders' recidivism, and (c) explore how offenders' understanding of their behavior relates to their mental health and how that interaction, in turn, relates to DUI recidivism.

  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)Indices of Exposure & Vulnerability for Predicting Alcohol-Related Problems, Principal Investigator: Sarah E. Nelson, Ph.D. (1 R03 AA01681—01A1). The objective of this project is to extend a recently published theoretical and quantifiable model of regional exposure to objects of addiction by further developing and applying population level (i.e., regional) quantifiable indices and by developing and applying new personal-level quantifiable indices for exposure and vulnerability to the study of alcohol use among adolescents.

  • National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)A Treatment Outcome Analysis for Behavioral Addictions, Principal Investigator: Debi A. LaPlante, Ph.D. (1 R03 MH075760-01A2). The objective of this project is to conduct research that will generate a critical analysis and research matrix for treatment outcome research related to several behaviorally expressed addictions such as disordered gambling behavior.

  • National Institute on Drug Addiction (NIDA)An Assessment of a Problem Gambling Self-Change Toolkit, Principal Investigator: Richard A. LaBrie, Ed.D. (1 R03 DA019705-01A2). The objective of this project is to conduct an evaluation of a newly developed problem gambling self-assessment/self-change intervention titled, “Your First Step to Change” in the state of Massachusetts.

LOCAL AND STATE FUNDING:

  • Port Authority Problem Gambling Fund, Greater Kansas City Community Foundation - Evaluation Services with Regard to the Regional Impact of Compulsive Gambling, Principal Investigator: Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D. The objectives of this study are to (a) determine the prevalence and impact of disordered gambling in Greater Kansas City, in comparison with the rest of Missouri and the nation; and (b) conduct a rigorous evaluation of the effectiveness of the Missouri Voluntary Exclusion Program as a tool for intervening in the course of a gambling disorder and providing a pipeline to treatment services.
     

UNIVERSITY FUNDING:

  • University of Nevada, Las Vegas Provost Research Award, Toward an Understanding of Problem Gambling and other Behavioral Health Issues among Rural and Urban Multi-racial/Ethnic Populations, Principal Investigator: Debi LaPlante, Ph.D. Co-Principal Investigators: Margaret Shih, Ph.D. and Bo Bernhard, Ph.D. The objective of this research is to identify the distribution of problem gambling and other important behavioral health disorders among rural and urban multi-racial/ethnic populations.

NON-PROFIT/FOUNDATION FUNDING:

  • Saint Francis House - MAP Intake Report Analysis and Tracking and Assessment Program, Principal Investigator: Sarah Nelson. The first phase of the project analyzed and interpreted the existing participant data collected from MAP using a Division on Addiction created instrument. The objective for the second phase of the project is to develop and implement a tracking and assessment program that provides information about the programs attended by guest, their involvement with those programs and their evaluation of those programs.

  • Massachusetts Council on Compulsive Gambling (The Council) - Thomas N. Cummings Research Fellow. The fellowship is funded in part by the National Center for Responsible Gaming Project Grant and in part by The Council. The primary focus of the fellowship will be to establish an on-going research agenda with the Division on Addiction and The Council focusing on gambling behavior, gambling-related treatment, program evaluation, and other related research.

CORPORATE FUNDING:

  • bwin Interactive Entertainment AG – Addiction and Technology: A Comprehensive Public Health Approach to Understanding the Internet and Internet-related Disorders, PI, Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D. The objectives of this project are to investigate the behavioral patterns of Internet gamblers and develop intervention strategies based on predictive profiles.
     

    • Broda, A., LaPlante, D. A., Nelson, S. E., LaBrie, R. A., Bosworth, L. B., & Shaffer, H. J. (2008). Virtual harm reduction efforts for Internet gambling: Effects of deposit limits on actual Internet sports gambling behavior. Harm Reduction Journal, 5, 27. doi:10.1186/1477-7517-5-27

    • LaBrie, R. A., Kaplan, S. A., LaPlante, D. A., Nelson, S. E., & Shaffer, H. J. (2008). Inside the virtual casino: a prospective longitudinal study of actual Internet casino gambling. European Journal of Public Health, 18(4), 406-410.

    • LaBrie, R. A., LaPlante, D. A., Nelson, S. E., Schumann, A., & Shaffer, H. J. (2007). Assessing the playing field: A prospective longitudinal study of Internet sports gambling behavior. Journal of Gambling Studies, 23(3), 347-362.

    • LaPlante, D.A., Schumann, A., LaBrie, R.A., & Shaffer, H.J. (2008). Population trends in Internet sports gambling. Computers in Human Behavior, 24, 2399-2414.

    • Nelson, S. E., LaPlante, D. A., Peller, A. J., Schumann, A., LaBrie, R. A., & Shaffer, H. J. (2008). Real limits in the virtual world: Self-limiting behavior of Internet gamblers. Journal of Gambling Studies, 24(4), 463-477.

GIFTS:

  • Cheryl A. Lewin, Gaming Solutions & Associates

  • Larry L. Lewin, Lewin International, LLC


Funded Research (Completed)

NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH (NIH):

  • National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) - Toward Evidence Based Treatments to Reduce DUI Relapse, Principle Investigator: Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D., C.A.S. (5 R01 AA014710-02). The objective of this project was to establish the relationship between psychiatric comorbidity and DUI (Driving Under the Influence) reoffense.

     

STATE FUNDING:

  • State of Iowa Department of Public Health - Evaluation of the Iowa Gambling Treatment Program, Principal Investigator: Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D.  The objective of this project was to evaluate the Iowa Gambling Treatment Program by analyzing participant data from 1997 to 2001.

    • Publications (Select reprints available for download in our Library & Archives page):

      • LaPlante, D. A., Nelson, S. E., LaBrie, R. A., & Shaffer, H. J. (2006). Men and women playing games: Gender and the gambling preferences of Iowa Gambling Treatment Program  participants. Journal of Gambling Studies, 22(1), 65-80.

      • Nelson, S. E., LaPlante, D. A., LaBrie, R. A., & Shaffer, H. J. (2006). The proxy effect: Gender and gambling problem trajectories of Iowa Gambling Treatment Program participants. Journal of Gambling Studies, 22, 221-240.

      • Shaffer, H. J., LaBrie, R. A., LaPlante, D., Kidman, R., & Donato, A. (2005). The Iowa Gambling Treatment Program: Treatment outcomes for a follow-up sample. Journal of Gambling Studies, 21(1), 59-71.

      • Shaffer, H. J., LaBrie, R., LaPlante, D., Kidman, R. & Korn, D. A. (2002). Evaluating the Iowa Department of Public Health Gambling Treatment Program: Four years of evidence. Boston: Harvard Medical School, Division on Addiction.

      • Shaffer, H. J., LaBrie, R. A., LaPlante, D. A., Kidman, R. C., & Nelson, S. E. (2004). The Iowa Department of Public Health Gambling Treatment Services: Follow-up Study Report (Technical Report #20304-200). Boston: Harvard Medical School.

  • State of Nevada, Department of Health and Human Services, Problem Gambling Work-force DevelopmentAn Assessment of a Brief Problem Gambling Intervention in Nevada, Co-Principal Investigators: Richard A. LaBrie, Ed.D. and Debi A. LaPlante, Ph.D., (SFY06-07). The objective of this project is to conduct an evaluation of a newly developed problem gambling self-assessment/self-change intervention titled, “Your First Step to Change” in the state of Nevada.

UNIVERSITY FUNDING:

  • The Robert Wood Johnson Health and Society Scholars program at University of Michigan, Mental Health and Health Risk Behavior in Multiracial and Monoracial Young Adults, Principal Investigator: Debi LaPlante, Ph.D., Co-Principal Investigator: Margaret Shih, Ph.D. The objective of this research is to understand the role of social support in the tendency for multiracial individuals to engage in risky behavior and develop poor mental health.

NON-PROFIT/FOUNDATION FUNDING:

  • National Center for Responsible Gaming (NCRG) - The NCRG Project Grant, Principal Investigator: Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D., C.A.S. Advancing understanding of pathological gambling and related psychiatric disorders, such as substance abuse, will lead to improved methods of diagnosis, intervention, treatment and prevention. The NCRG Project Grant also supports the Thomas N. Cummings Research Fellow. The fellowship is co-funded by the NCRG and Massachusetts Council on Compulsive Gambling (The Council). The primary focus of the fellowship is to establish an on-going research agenda focusing primarily on gambling related disorders with the Division on Addiction, NCRG and The Council.

    The following publications are the products of completed research.

    • Albanese, M. J., & Shaffer, H. J. (2003). Treatment considerations in patients with addictions. Primary Psychiatry, 10(9), 55-60.

    • Blaszczynski, A., Ladouceur, R., Nower, L., & Shaffer, H. J. (2008). Informed choice and gambling: Principles for consumer protection. Journal of Gambling Business and Economics, 2(1), 103-118.

    • Blaszczynski, A., Ladouceur, R., & Shaffer, H. J. (2004). A science-based framework for responsible gambling: The Reno model. Journal of Gambling Studies, 20(3), 301-317.

    • Kessler, R. C., Hwang, I., Labrie, R., Petukhova, M., Sampson, N. A., Winters, K. C., et al. (2008). DSM-IV pathological gambling in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Psychological Medicine, 38(9), 1351-1360.

    • LaBrie, R.A., & Shaffer, H.J. (2007). Gambling with adolescent health. Journal of Adolescent Health, 40(5), 387-389.

    • LaBrie, R. A., Shaffer, H. J., LaPlante, D., & Wechsler, H. (2003). Correlates of college student gambling in the United States. Journal of American College Health, 52, 53-62.

    • Ladouceur, R., & Shaffer, H. J. (2005). Treating problem gamblers: Working towards empirically supported treatment. Journal of Gambling Studies, 21(1), 1-4.

    • LaPlante, D.A., Nelson, S.E., LaBrie, R. A., & Shaffer, H.J. (2008) Stability and progression of disordered gambling: Lessons from longitudinal studies. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 53(1), 52-60.

    • LaPlante, D.A., & Shaffer, H. J. (2007). Understanding the influence of gambling opportunities: Expanding exposure models to include adaptation. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 77, 616-623.

    • Lee T. K., LaBrie, R. A., Grant, J. E., Kim, S. W., & Shaffer, H. J. (in press). The structure of pathological gambling among Korean gamblers: A cluster and factor analysis of clinical and demographic characteristics. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

    • Lee, T. K., LaBrie, R. A., Rhee, H. S., & Shaffer, H. J. (2008). A study of South Korean casino employees and gambling problems. Occupational Medicine, 58(3), 191-197.

    • Nelson, T., LaBrie, R. A., LaPlante, D. A., Stanton, M., Shaffer, H. J., & Wechsler, H. (2007). Sports betting and other gambling in athletes, fans, and other college students. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 78(4), 271-283.

    • Nelson, S. E., LaPlante, D. A., LaBrie, R. A., & Shaffer, H. J. (2006). The proxy effect: Gender and gambling problem trajectories of Iowa Gambling Treatment Program participants. Journal of Gambling Studies, 22,(2), 221-240.

    • Odegaard, S. S., Peller, A., & Shaffer, H. J. (2005). Addiction as syndrome. Paradigm, 9 (3), 12-13, 22.

    • Peller, A. J., Laplante, D. A., & Shaffer, H. J. (2008). Parameters for safer gambling behavior: Examining the empirical research. Journal of Gambling Studies. Advance online publication. Retrieved May 28, 2008. doi: 10.1007/s10899-008-9097-5

    • Shaffer, H. J. (2003). A critical view of pathological gambling and addiction: Comorbidity makes for syndromes and other strange bedfellows. In G. Reith (Ed.), Gambling: Who wins? Who loses? (pp. 175-190). New York: Prometheus Books.

    • Shaffer, H. J. (2004). Foreword. In J. L. Derevensky & R. Gupta (Eds.), Gambling problems in youth: Theoretical and applied perspectives (pp. v-x). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.

    • Shaffer, H.J. (2005). From disabling to enabling the public interest: Natural transitions from gambling exposure to adaptation and self-regulation. Addiction, 100(9), 1227-1230.

    • Shaffer, H. J., & Albanese, M. J. (2004). Addiction's defining characteristics. In R. H. Coombs (Ed.), Addiction counseling review: Preparing for comprehensive, certification and licensing examinations. New York: Lahaska Press.

    • Shaffer, H.J., Donato, A.N., LaBrie, R.A., Kidman, R.C., & LaPlante, D.A. (2005). The epidemiology of college alcohol and gambling policies. Harm Reduction Journal, 2(1), 1.

    • Shaffer, H. J., & Freed, C. R. (2005). The assessment of gambling related disorders. In D. M. Donovan & G. A. Marlatt (Eds.), Assessment of addictive behaviors (second ed., pp. 334-391). New York: Guilford.

    • Shaffer, H.J., Freed, C.R. & Healea, D. (2002). Gambling disorders among homeless persons with substance use disorders seeking treatment at a community center. Psychiatric Services, 53(9), 1112-1117.

    • Shaffer, H. J., & Hall, M. N. (2002). The natural history of gambling and drinking problems among casino employees. Journal of Social Psychology, 142(4), 405-424.

    • Shaffer, H. J., & Kidman, R. C. (2003). Shifting perspectives on gambling and addiction. Journal of Gambling Studies, 19(1), 1-6.

    • Shaffer, H. J. & Kidman, R. (2004). Gambling and the public health. In J. E. Grant & M. N. Potenza (Eds.), Pathological gambling: A clinical guide to treatment. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc.

    • Shaffer, H. J. & Korn, D. A. (2002). Gambling and related mental disorders: A public health analysis, Annual Review of Public Health, 23, 171-212.

    • Shaffer, H.J., LaBrie, R. & LaPlante D. (2004). Laying the foundation for quantifying regional exposure to social phenomena: Considering the case of legalized gambling as a public health toxin. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 18(1), 40-48.

    • Shaffer, H.J., LaBrie, R., LaPlante D., Nelson, S. E. & Stanton, M. (2004). The road less travelled: Moving from distribution to determinants in the study of gambling epidemiology. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry,48(8),159-171.

    • Shaffer, H. J., & LaPlante, D. A. (2005). The treatment of gambling related disorders. In G. A. Marlatt & D. M. Donovan (Eds.), Relapse prevention (second ed., pp. 276-332). New York: Guilford.

    • Shaffer, H., LaPlante, D., LaBrie, R., Kidman, R., Donato, A., & Stanton, M. (2004) Toward a syndrome model of addiction: Multiple expressions, common etiology. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 12(6), 367-374.

    • Shaffer, H.J., Stanton, M.V., & Nelson, S.E. (2006). Trends in gambling studies research: Quantifying, categorizing, and describing citations. Journal of Gambling Studies, 22(4), 27-42.

    • Vander Bilt, J., Dodge, H., Pandav, R., Shaffer, H. J., & Ganguli, M. (2004). Gambling participation and social support among older adults: a longitudinal community study. Journal of Gambling Studies, 20(4), 373-389.

    • Wynne, H. J., & Shaffer, H. J. (2003). The socio-economic impact of gambling: The Whistler Symposium. Journal of Gambling Studies, 19(2), 111-121.

  • National Center for Responsible Gaming (NCRG) - Estimating the Prevalence of Disordered Gambling Behavior in the United States and Canada: A Meta-Analysis, Principle Investigator: Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D., C.A.S. The objective of this project was to determine the prevalence of gambling disorders in the United States and Canada.

     

    • Publications (Select reprints available for download in our Library & Archives page):

      • Shaffer, H. J. (1997). Gambling research and science: Toward a mature relationship. Journal of Gambling Studies, 13(4), 275-278.

      • Shaffer, H. J., Hall, M.N., & Vander Bilt, J. (1997). Estimating the prevalence of disordered gambling behavior in the United States and Canada: A meta-analysis. Boston: Presidents and Fellows of Harvard College.

      • Shaffer, H.J., Hall, M.N., & Vander Bilt, J. (1999). Estimating the prevalence of disordered gambling behavior in the United States and Canada: A research synthesis. American Journal of Public Health, 89(9), 1369-1376.

  • National Center for Responsible Gaming (NCRG) - The Harvard Project on Gambling and Health, Principal Investigator: Howard Shaffer, Ph.D., C.A.S. The objective of this project was to investigate the prevalence of gambling disorders in the general adult population and subpopulations; examine the health risks of casino employees; develop a model for understanding gambling as a public health issue; and examine the impact of behavioral disorders on the understanding of the nature of addiction.

    • Publications (Select reprints available for download in our Library & Archives page):

      • Eber, G. (1999). When gambling becomes a losing battle. American Journal of Nursing, 99(5), 22.

      • Eber, G. & Shaffer, H. J. (2000). Trends in bio-behavioral gambling studies research: Quantifying citations. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16(4), 461-467.

      • Korn, D. A. & Shaffer, H.J. (1999). Gambling and the health of the public: Adopting a public health perspective. Journal of Gambling Studies, 15(4), 289-365.

      • Shaffer, H. J. (2000). Addictive personality. In A. E. Kazdin (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Psychology (4th ed., Vol. 1). Washington, D.C. & New York: American Psychological Association & Oxford University Press.

      • Shaffer, H. J. (1999). Addiction and gambling disorders: On matters of measurement and validity. The Behavioral Measurement Letter, 6(1), 2-6.

      • Shaffer, H.J. (1999). On the nature and meaning of addiction. National Forum: The Phi Kappa Phi Journal, 79(4), 9-14.

      • Shaffer, H.J. (1999). Strange bedfellows: A critical view of pathological gambling and addiction. Addiction, 94(10), 1445-1448.

      • Shaffer, H.J., Eber, G.B., Hall, M., & Vander Bilt, J. (2000). Smoking behavior among casino employees: Self-report validation using plasma cotinine. Addictive Behaviors, 25(5), 693-704.

      • Shaffer, H. J., Forman, D. P., Scanlan, K., & Smith, F. (2000). Awareness of gambling-related problems, policies and educational programs among high school and college administrators. Journal of Gambling Studies, 16(1), 93-101.

      • Shaffer, H. J. & Hall, M. N. (2001). Updating and refining meta-analytic prevalence estimates of disordered gambling behavior in the United States and Canada. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 92(3), 168-172.

      • Shaffer, H.J., Hall, M.N., & Vander Bilt, J. (1999). Gambling, drinking, smoking and other health risk activities among casino employees. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 36(3), 365-378.

      • Shaffer, H.J., Hall, M.N., & Vander Bilt, J. (2000). “Computer addiction”: A critical consideration. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 70(2), 162-168.

      • Shaffer, H.J., & Simoneau, G. (2001). Reducing resistance and denial by exercising ambivalence during the treatment of addiction. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 20(1), 99-105.

  • Arcadia Charitable Trust - Advanced Fellow in Addiction Studies, Principal Investigator: Mark Albanese, M.D. The objective of this fellowship was to support a study of comorbid substance dependence and psychopathology among repeat DUI offenders.

     

    • Publications (Select reprints available for download in our Library & Archives page):

      • Albanese, M. J. & Shaffer, H.J.(2003) Treatment considerations in patients with addiction. Primary Psychiatry, 10 (9), 55-60.

      • Shaffer, H. J., & Albanese, M. J. (2004). Addiction's defining characteristics. In R. H. Coombs (Ed.), Addiction counseling review: Preparing for comprehensive, certification and licensing examinations. New York: Lahaska Press.

  • Massachusetts Family Institute - Juxtaposing the Epidemiology of Disordered Gambling with other Health Disorders: Considering the allocation of Resources, PI, Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D. The objective of this project is to look and compare funding allocations with other disorders with the same prevalence rates as pathological gambling.

CORPORATE FUNDING:

  • ValueOptionsA Research Collaborative: Optimizing Quality of Care in Managed Behavioral Healthcare, Principal Investigator: Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D., C.A.S. The objective of this project was to utilize ValueOption’s extensive databank documenting ValueOption services, programs, and participants as a tool for empirical research on improving the delivery of managed behavioral healthcare.
     

    • Publications (Select reprints available for download in our Library & Archives page):
       

      • LaBrie, R. A., Browne, C., Christensen, D. E., Greenwood, K. L., Straus, J. H., Garmon, M. S., LaPlante, D. A., Scher, S., Peller, A. J., & Shaffer, H. J. (2007). Implementation of a consumer-directed approach in behavioral health care: Problems and prospects. Psychiatric Services, 58(3), 300-302.

      • LaBrie, A., LaPlante, D. A., Peller, A. J., Christensen, D. E., Greenwood, K. L., Straus, J. H., Garmon, M. S., Browne, C., & Shaffer, H. J. (2007). The interdependence of behavioural and somatic health: Implications for conceptualizing health and measuring treatment outcomes. International Journal of Integrated Care, 7, e10.

  • Las Vegas Sands CorporationThe Venetian Las Vegas Responsible Gambling Program:  A Patron Intercept and Targeted Patron Evaluation Study, Principal Investigator: Howard J. Shaffer, Ph.D. The objective of the evaluation is to examine the impact of the company’s responsible gaming programs and procedures on its employees and patrons.

    • Reports (Select reprints available for download in our Library & Archives page):

      • LaPlante, D. A., Kleschinsky, J. H., LaBrie, R. A., & Shaffer, H. J. (2009). Play Responsibly Independent Measurement & Evaluation (PRIME): Venetian & Palazzo, Las Vegas. Boston, MA: Division on Addiction, Cambridge Health Alliance, a teaching affiliate of Harvard Medical School.

© Division on Addiction. All Rights Reserved. Last Updated:  August 19, 2016